Aging changes in the female reproductive system result mainly from changing hormone levels. One clear sign of aging occurs when your menstrual periods stop permanently. This is known as menopause.
At a cocktail party at my home a few months ago, I started chatting with a few middle-aged women, including a few I barely knew. But this time, it bypassed hot flashes and went right to sex. About half of menopausal women suffer from vaginal dryness and painful intercourse.
Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Jan 22, Vaginal atrophy is a change of the vagina that develops when there is a significant decrease in levels of the female hormone estrogen.
Up to 40 percent of postmenopausal women have symptoms of atrophic vaginitis. Because the condition is attributable to estrogen deficiency, it may occur in pre-menopausal women who take antiestrogenic medications or who have medical or surgical conditions that result in decreased levels of estrogen. The thinned endometrium and increased vaginal pH level induced by estrogen deficiency predispose the vagina and urinary tract to infection and mechanical weakness.
Postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis, or vaginal atrophy, is the thinning of the walls of the vagina caused by decreased estrogen levels. This most commonly occurs after menopause. She also stops having menstrual periods.
Vaginal dryness probably results from changes that occur when estrogen levels drop. Low estrogen causes the vagina and surrounding connective tissue to lose elasticity and the tissue that lines the vagina becomes thinner and more fragile. If you're sore from vaginal dryness, you don't want to have sex and if you don't have sex, your vaginal dryness gets worse—a classic catch
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction pp Cite as. Reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, have a significant impact on pelvic floor function. Hormonal changes that occur during a woman's lifespan impact many aspects of female physiology.
The external female genital area is called the vulva. The outer folds of skin are called the labia majora, and the inner folds are called the labia minora. Within the labia minora is the vestibule. The vagina and urethra open into the vestibule.
Healthy living, herbal and complementary therapies including herbs and phytoestrogensmenopausal hormone therapy, or MHT formerly called hormone replacement therapy, or HRTor some non-hormonal prescription medications may assist with symptoms. Pharmacy-compounded hormone therapy is also discussed. Many women cope with mild menopausal symptoms and don't need to take any medication or use therapies.
Lower hormone levels may lead to symptoms like night sweats, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness along with thin bones. Some women choose to treat their menopause symptoms with hormone medicines sometimes called Hormone Therapy. The following lists some basic information about the FDA-approved hormone medicines for menopause.